UIAlertController

Remarks

A UIAlertController object displays an alert message to the user. This class replaces the UIActionSheet and UIAlertView classes for displaying alerts. After configuring the alert controller with the actions and style you want, present it using the presentViewController:animated:completion: method.

From Apple's Documentation

UIAlertController in Swift

Action Sheets with UIAlertController

With UIAlertController, action sheets like the deprecated UIActionSheet are created with the same API as you use for AlertViews.

Simple Action Sheet with two buttons

Swift

let alertController = UIAlertController(title: "Demo", message: "A demo with two buttons", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.actionSheet)

Objective-C

UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"Demo" message:@"A demo with two buttons" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleActionSheet];

Create the buttons "Cancel" and "Okay"

Swift

let cancelAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .cancel) { (result : UIAlertAction) -> Void in
    //action when pressed button
}
let okAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Okay", style: .default) { (result : UIAlertAction) -> Void in
    //action when pressed button
}

Objective-C

UIAlertAction *cancelAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Cancel" style:UIAlertActionStyleCancel handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        //action when pressed button
    }];

UIAlertAction * okAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Okay" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        //action when pressed button
    }];

And add them to the action sheet:

Swift

alertController.addAction(cancelAction)
alertController.addAction(okAction)

Objective-C

[alertController addAction:cancelAction];
[alertController addAction:okAction];

Now present the UIAlertController:

Swift

self.present(alertController, animated: true, completion: nil)

Objective-C

[self presentViewController:alertController animated: YES completion: nil];

This should be the result:

UIAlertController Action Sheet example

Action Sheet with destructive button

Using the UIAlertActionStyle .destructive for an UIAlertAction will create a button with red tint color.

Destructive button

For this example, the okAction from above was replaced by this UIAlertAction:

Swift

let destructiveAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Delete", style: .destructive) { (result : UIAlertAction) -> Void in
    //action when pressed button
}

Objective-C

UIAlertAction * destructiveAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Delete" style:UIAlertActionStyleDestructive handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
            //action when pressed button
        }];

Adding Text Field in UIAlertController like a prompt Box

Swift

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Hello",
                              message: "Welcome to the world of iOS",
                              preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert)
let defaultAction = UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default) { (action) in
        
}
defaultAction.isEnabled = false
alert.addAction(defaultAction)
    
alert.addTextFieldWithConfigurationHandler { (textField) in
     textField.delegate = self
}
    
present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)

Objective-C

UIAlertController* alert = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"Hello"
                                                               message:@"Welcome to the world of iOS"
                                                        preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    
UIAlertAction* defaultAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" 
                                                        style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault
                                                      handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {}];
    
defaultAction.enabled = NO;
[alert addAction:defaultAction];    
    
[alert addTextFieldWithConfigurationHandler:^(UITextField *textField) {
     textField.delegate = self;
}];        

[self presentViewController:alert animated:YES completion:nil];

enter image description here

AlertViews with UIAlertController

UIAlertView and UIActionSheet are Deprecated in iOS 8 and Later. So Apple introduced a new controller for AlertView and ActionSheet called UIAlertController , changing the preferredStyle, you can switch between AlertView and ActionSheet. There is no delegate method for it because all button events are handled in their blocks.

Simple AlertView

Swift:

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Simple", message: "Simple alertView demo with Cancel and OK.", preferredStyle: .alert)

alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .cancel) { _ in
        print("Cancel")
})
alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default) { _ in
        print("OK")
})

present(alert, animated: true)

Objective-C:

 UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"Simple" message:@"Simple alertView demo with Cancel and OK." preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    UIAlertAction *cancelAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Cancel" style:UIAlertActionStyleCancel handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        NSLog(@"Cancel");
    }];
    UIAlertAction *okAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        NSLog(@"OK");
    }];
    
    [alertController addAction:cancelAction];
    [alertController addAction:okAction];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated: YES completion: nil];

enter image description here

Destructive AlertView

Swift:

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Simple", message: "Simple alertView demo with Cancel and OK.", preferredStyle: .alert)

alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Destructive", style: .destructive) { _ in
        print("Destructive")
})
alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default) { _ in
        print("OK")
})

present(alert, animated: true)

Objective-C:

UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"Destructive" message:@"Simple alertView demo with Destructive and OK." preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    UIAlertAction *destructiveAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Cancel" style:UIAlertActionStyleDestructive handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        NSLog(@"Destructive");
    }];
    UIAlertAction *okAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
        NSLog(@"OK");
    }];
    
    [alertController addAction:destructiveAction];
    [alertController addAction:okAction];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated: YES completion: nil];

enter image description here

Displaying and handling alerts

One Button

enter image description here

Swift

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(sender: UIButton) {
        
        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "My Title", message: "This is my message.", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert)
        
        // add an action (button)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Default, handler: nil))

        // show the alert
        self.presentViewController(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Two Buttons

enter image description here

Swift

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(sender: UIButton) {
        
        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "UIAlertController", message: "Would you like to continue learning how to use iOS alerts?", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert)
        
        // add the actions (buttons)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Continue", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Default, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Cancel, handler: nil))
        
        // show the alert
        self.presentViewController(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Three Buttons

enter image description here

Swift

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(sender: UIButton) {
        
        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Notice", message: "Lauching this missile will destroy the entire universe. Is this what you intended to do?", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert)
        
        // add the actions (buttons)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Remind Me Tomorrow", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Default, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Cancel, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Launch the Missile", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Destructive, handler: nil))
        
        // show the alert
        self.presentViewController(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Handling Button Taps

The handler was nil in the above examples. You can replace nil with a closure to do something when the user taps a button, like the example below:

Swift

alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Launch the Missile", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Destructive, handler: { action in
    
    // do something like...
    self.launchMissile()
    
}))

Notes

  • Multiple buttons do not necessarily need to use different UIAlertActionStyle types. They could all be .Default.
  • For more than three buttons consider using an Action Sheet. The setup is very similar. Here is an example.

Highlighting an action button

Alert controller has a property which is used to put emphases on an action added in the alert controller. This property can be used to highlight a particular action for user attention.For objective C;

@property(nonatomic, strong) UIAlertAction *preferredAction

An action which is already added in alert controller can be assigned to this property.The Alert Controller will highlight this action.

This property can only be used with UIAlertControllerStyleAlert.

Following example shows how to use it.

UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"Cancel edit" message:@"Are you really want to cancel your edit?" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];

UIAlertAction *cancel = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Cancel" style:UIAlertActionStyleCancel handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
    NSLog(@"Cancel");
}];

UIAlertAction *no = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"NO" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * action) {
    NSLog(@"Highlighted button is pressed.");
}];

[alertController addAction:cancel];
[alertController addAction:no];

//add no action to preffered action.
//Note
//the action should already be added to alert controller
alertController.preferredAction = no;

[self presentViewController:alertController animated: YES completion: nil];

Alert Controller with preferred action set.The NO button is highlighted.

enter image description here

Alert Controller with preferred action not set.The NO button is not highlighted.

enter image description here

Temporary toast-like pop up

Good for quick notifications that don't require interaction.

Swift

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Toast", message: "Hello World", preferredStyle: .Alert)

presentViewController(alert, animated: true) {
     let delay_s:Double = 2
     let delayTime = dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, Int64(delay_s * Double(NSEC_PER_SEC)))
     dispatch_after(delayTime, dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
          alert.dismissViewControllerAnimated(true, completion: nil)
     }
}


2016-07-21
2017-02-08
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