Initialization idioms

Factory method with block

internal func Init<Type>(value : Type, block: @noescape (object: Type) -> Void) -> Type
{
    block(object: value)
    return value
}

Usage:

Init(UILabel(frame: CGRect.zero)) {
    $0.backgroundColor = UIColor.blackColor()
}

Group outlets in a custom NSObject

Move every outlet to an NSObject. Then drag an Object from the library to the controller scene of the storyboard and hook the elements there.

class ContactFormStyle: NSObject 
{
    @IBOutlet private weak var message: UILabel! {
      didSet {
        message.font = UIFont.systemFontOfSize(12)
        message.textColor = UIColor.blackColor()
      }
    }
}

class ContactFormVC: UIViewController 
{
    @IBOutlet private var style: ContactFormStyle!
}

Initialize attributes in didSet

@IBOutlet weak var title: UILabel! {
  didSet {
    label.textColor = UIColor.redColor()
    label.font = UIFont.systemFontOfSize(20)
    label.backgroundColor = UIColor.blueColor()
  }
}

It's also possible to both set a value and initialize it:

private var loginButton = UIButton() {
    didSet(oldValue) {
        loginButton.addTarget(self, action: #selector(LoginController.didClickLogin), forControlEvents: .TouchUpInside)
    }
}

Initialize with positional constants

let mySwitch: UISwitch = {
    view.addSubview($0)
    $0.addTarget(self, action: "action", forControlEvents: .TouchUpInside)
    return $0
}(UISwitch())

Initialize with then

This is similar in syntax to the example that initializes using positional constants, but requires the Then extension from https://github.com/devxoul/Then (attached below).

let label = UILabel().then {
    $0.textAlignment = .Center
    $0.textColor = UIColor.blackColor(
    $0.text = "Hello, World!"
}

The Then extension:

import Foundation

public protocol Then {}

extension Then 
{
    public func then(@noescape block: inout Self -> Void) -> Self {
        var copy = self
        block(&copy)
        return copy
    }
}

extension NSObject: Then {}

Set to tuples to avoid code repetition

Avoid code repetition in constructors by setting a tuple of variables with a one liner:

class Contact: UIView
{
    private var message: UILabel
    private var phone: UITextView
    
    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        (message, phone) = self.dynamicType.setUp()
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    }
    
    override func awakeFromNib() {
        (message, phone) = self.dynamicType.setUp()
        super.awakeFromNib()
    }
    
    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        (message, phone) = self.dynamicType.setUp()
        super.init(frame: frame)
    }
    
    private static func setUp(){
        let message = UILabel()  // ...
        let phone = UITextView() // ...
        return (message, phone)
    }
}